Tae Kwon Do Terminology

To help our students, listed below are the most common terms used at Ko's Tae Kwon Do.

The Korean translation is based on words written in the Hanggul Korean alphabet of characters.

Since there is no direct English equivalent, the Korean version is presented as a pronounciation guide (in a general phonetic / syllabic breakdown) and in romanized form (using the English alphabet).

You'll be proud to know another language other than English!

Titular Terms

Grand Master
Kwan Jang Nim
Master
Sabum Nim
Instructor
Kyo Sahnim
Assistant Instructor
Boo Kyo Sahnim
Senior Student
Sun Bae Nim
Junior Student
Hoo Bae Nim

Ceremonial Terms

Attention
Charyot
Salute the Flag
Kukkieh Daehae Kyung Reh
Bow to Master
Sabum Nim Kae Kyung Reh
Bow to Instructor
Kyo Sahnim Kae Kyung Reh
Bow to Assistant Instructor
Boo Kyo Sahnim Kae Kyung Reh
Meditation
Mook Nyum
Return or Come Back
Bah Ro

Courtesty and Manners

Thank You
Gamsa Hamnida
Excuse Me
Shil Reh Hamnida
You're Welcome
Chun Muhn Eh Yo
I'm Sorry
Mee Ahn Hamnida
Hello
Ahn Yung Ha Sehyo
Nice To Meet You
Bangah Seumnida
Goodbye
Ahn Nyung Hee Kehsehyo
Goodbye (when leaving)
Ahn Nyung Hee Kehsehyo
Goodbye (answer to Goodbye)
Ahn Nyung Hee Kehsehyo

Common School Terms

Academy
Dojang
Uniform
Dobok
Belt
Ddee
Bow
Kyung Reh
Form
Poomse
Kicking
Bal Chagi
Sparring
Gyoroogi
One-step Sparring
Il So Sheek
Self-defense
Ho Shin Sul
Breaking
Gyuk Pah
Demonstration
Shee Bum
Testing
Shim Sah
Warm-up
Joonbi Woondong
Flag
Kukki
Kicking Stance
Bal Chagi Joonbi
Switch Sides
Bal Bah Gwo
At Ease
Shee Uh
Stop
Geu Mahn
Start
She Jahk
Turn Around
Deero Dora

Counting

One
Ha Nah
Two
Dool
Three
Set
Four
Net
Five
Dahsuht
Six
Yuhsuht
Seven
Il Gope
Eight
Yuhdol
Nine
Ah Hope
Ten
Yuhl
Eleven
Yuhl Ha Nah
Twelve
Yuhl Dool
Thirteen
Yuhl Set
Twenty
Smool
Twenty-One
Smool Ha Nah
Twenty-Two
Smool Set
Thirty
Suh Ruen
Forty
Mah Huen
Fifty
She Huen
Sixty
Yeh Suen
Seventy
Il Huen
Eighty
Yeh Duen
Ninety
Ah Huen
One-Hundred
Behk

Form Numbers

First
Eel
Second
Ee
Third
Sam
Fourth
Sah
Fifth
Oh
Sixth
Yook
Seventh
Cheel
Eighth
Pal
Ninth
Koo
Tenth
Ship

Stances

Ready Stance
Joombi Suhgi
Horseback Riding Stance
Joo Choom Suhgi
Walking Stance
Ahp Suhgi
Bending/Front Stance
Ah Goop Bee
Back Stance
Dee Goop Bee
Sparring Stance
Gyoroogi Joombi

Kicking

Front Rising Kick
Bal Chalolrigi
In-to-Out Kick
Ahnpahk Doolrigi
Out-to-In Kick
Bahkan Dolrigi
Front Snap Kick
Ahp Chagi
Roundhouse Kick
Dol Yuh Chagi
Push Kick
Meel Uh Chagi
Axe Kick
Nehryuh Cheek Gi
Side Kick
Yup Chagi
Back Kick
Dee Chagi
Front Hook Kick
Ahp Hooreegi
Jumping Turning Roundhouse Kick
Dorabang
Spinning Kick
Dee Dolyuhchagi
Flying Sidekick
Eedan Yup Chagi
Jumping Snap Kick
Eedan Ahp Chagi

Blocking

Low Block
Ah Rae Mahkgi
Face Block
Ohl Gool Mahkgi
Middle Block
Mohm Tong Mahkgi
Out-in-Middle Block
Mohm Tong Ahn Mahkgi
In-to-Out Middle Block
Mohm Tong Bah Kahn Mahkgi

Punching

Middle Punch
Mohm Tong Jee Reugi
Face Punch
Ohl Gool Jee Reugi

Competition Sparring Terms

Blue
Chung
Red
Hong
Line-up
Eep Jang
Attention
Charyot
Bow
Kyung Reh
Face Each Other
Jwa Woo Hyahng Woo
Get Ready
Joonbi
Start
She Jahk
Temporarily Stop
Kalyo
Continue
Kyehsok
Warning
Kyung Go Hana
Point Deduction
Gahm Jum Hana
Stop
Geu Mahn
Time
Kae Si
Blue/Red Winner
Chung/Hong Seung
Head Judge
Gahm Dohk Gwahn
Referee
Joo Shim
Judge
Boo Shim
Coach
Coach

*** end of list ***


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